Ischemic colitis (IC) is inflammation of the large intestine. It happens when blood stream to some portion of the digestive organ (colon) is lessened, usually due to contracted or blocked veins (arteries). Although it is frequent in the elderly, There is no a rule that younger patients will not be affected.
Usually, the person experiences abdominal pain. The pain is felt more often on the left side, but it can occur anywhere in the abdomen. The person frequently passes loose stools that are often accompanied by dark red clots. Sometimes bright red blood is passed without stool. Low-grade fevers (usually below 100° F [37.7° C]) are common.Some other symptoms include:Sudden or gradual pain in Belly area, A feeling of urgency to move your bowels, Diarrhea Diarrhea, vomiting, Nausea
Treatment of the patient is dictated by the severity of the ischemia. In the absence of colonic gangrene or perforation, supportive care is appropriate. Patients should be placed on bowel rest and given intravenous fluids to ensure adequate colonic perfusion. Optimization of cardiac function and oxygenation is important.
There's no sure approach to prevent the disorder as the cause of ischemic colitis isn't always clear. Patients with IC recover quickly and may never have another episode.To avoid repetitive scenes of ischemic colitis, it is ideal eliminate medications that might cause ischemic colitis. He or she may also test for clotting abnormalities.