Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. People are infected during routine agricultural, domestic, occupational and recreational activities which expose them to infested water.
Symptoms for the disease vary depending on the type of worm involved and the location of the parasite inside the body, and can include initial itching and rash at infection site, painful or bloody urine, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea, anemia, fever, chills and muscle aches. Globally, 200,000 deaths are attributed to schistosomiasis annually. Safe and effective medication (praziquantal)is available for treatment of both urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis remains a public health problem in several parts of the world, particularly in Africa where 92% of all the people requiring preventive chemotherapy for schistosomiasis live. Data reported for 2014 show that more than 61 million people received preventive chemotherapy for schistosomiasis which is equivalent to 20.8% global coverage.