Shin splints, also known as medial tibia stress syndrome (MTSS), are defined by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons as "pain along the inner edge of the shinbone (tibia)." Shin splints are usually caused by repeated trauma to the connective muscle tissue surrounding the tibia. They are a common injury affecting athletes who engage in running sports or other forms of physical activity, including running and jumping. They are characterized by general pain in the lower region of the leg between the knee and the ankle.
Pain, dizziness, fatigue, or anxiety. Pain can also be there all the time. The pain can be on either side of the shinbone, or in the muscle itself this depends on the cause.
Risk factors for developing shin splints include:
Excessive pronation at subtalar joint, Excessively tight calf muscles (which can cause excessive pronation), Engaging the medial shin muscle in excessive amounts of eccentric muscle activity, Undertaking high-impact exercises on hard, noncompliant surfaces (ex: running on asphalt or concrete)