Sinusitus Definition: Sinusitis is an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid, germs (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) can grow and cause an infection.
Symptoms :Postnasal drip Discolored nasal discharge (greenish in color) Nasal stuffiness or congestion Tenderness of the face (particularly under the eyes or at the bridge of the nose) Frontal headaches Pain in the teeth Coughing Fever Fatigue Bad breath.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of pneumonia and sinusitis. Pneumonia kills >1 million children annually, and sinusitis is a potentially serious pediatric disease that increases the risk of orbital and intracranial complications. Although pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is effective against invasive pneumococcal disease, its effectiveness against pneumonia is less consistent, and its effect on sinusitis is not known. We compared hospitalization rates due to sinusitis, pneumonia, and empyema before and after sequential introduction of PCV7 and PCV13.
Treatment :Antibiotics, Nasal decongestant ,sprays, Antihistamines, combination of Nasal,decongestants and antihistamines, Topical nasal ,corticosteroids, Nasal saline washes