Sometimes, bacteria (usually streptococci and staphylococci) that infect the throat can spread deeper into the surrounding tissues. This condition is called cellulitis. If the bacteria grow unchecked, a collection of pus (abscess) may form. Abscesses may form next to the tonsils (peritonsillar) or in the side of the throat (parapharyngeal). A parapharyngeal abscess is more extensive and more dangerous than a peritonsillar abscess. Tonsillar cellulitis and tonsillar abscesses are most common among adolescents and young adults. The analysis of the pilot group of 100 oropharyngeal cancer patients seem to show higher HPV positive tumors prevalence than previously assumed. Treatment can be either surgery or radiotherapy to treat early tonsil cancer.
Early means a small tumour that is still contained within the tonsil. If you have a cancer that is larger, has grown throughout the tonsil, or has started to grow outside it, you may have surgery followed by radiotherapy. More advanced cancers that have grown outside the tonsil may need shrinking before they can be removed. You may have chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both to try to shrink the cancer. This is called down staging. If the cancer does shrink, you may then be able to have an operation to remove it. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.