Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.
Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) in Sweden was last measured at 88 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Tuberculosis case detection rate (all forms) is the ratio of newly notified tuberculosis cases (including relapses) to estimated incident cases (case detection, all forms).
The recommended treatment of new-onset pulmonary tuberculosis is six months of a combination of antibiotics containing rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol for the first two months, and only rifampicin and isoniazid for the last four months.
To encourage further discovery, researchers and policymakers are promoting new economic models of vaccine development, including prizes, tax incentives, and advance market commitments.