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Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

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  • Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

    AIDS is a syndrome caused by the HIV virus. It is when a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off many infections, and develops when the HIV infection is very advanced. This is the last stage of HIV infection where the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various diseases, infections and if left untreated, death. There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, with the right treatment and support, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV.

  • Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

    1.It may cause influenza-like illness, tuberculosis, opportunistic infections and tumors, pneumocystis pneumonia, severe weight loss, Kaposi's sarcoma. The time period usually ranges from 6 months (rarely) to 15+ years. HIV infection passes through a series of steps or stages before it turns into AIDS. These stages of infection as outlined in 1993 by the Centers for Disease Control. Seroconversion illness – this occurs in 1 to 6 weeks after acquiring the infection. The feeling is similar to a bout of flu.

    2.Asymptomatic infection – After seroconversion, virus levels are low and replication continues slowly. CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte levels are normal. This stage has no symptoms and may persist for years together.

    3.Persistent generalised lymphadenopathy (PGL) – The lymph nodes in these patients are swollen for three months or longer and not due to any other cause.

    4.Symptomatic infection – This stage manifests with symptoms. In addition, there may be opportunistic infections. This collection of symptoms and signs is referred to as the AIDS-related complex (ARC) and is regarded as a prodrome or precursor to AIDS.

  • Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

    Compared with other western European countries, Switzerland has a relatively high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among the general population – around 0.4% of people are carriers of HIV. The virus is much more widespread in certain population groups, however. This is true in particular of men who have sex with men, of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, and of injecting drug users. •Over 34,465 positive HIV test results have been reported in Switzerland since records began. •There are currently around 25,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Switzerland. •More than 9,685 cases of AIDS were reported between the beginning of the epidemic and December 2014.

  • Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

    Compared with other western European countries, Switzerland has a relatively high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among the general population – around 0.4% of people are carriers of HIV. The virus is much more widespread in certain population groups, however. This is true in particular of men who have sex with men, of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, and of injecting drug users. •Over 34,465 positive HIV test results have been reported in Switzerland since records began. •There are currently around 25,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Switzerland. •More than 9,685 cases of AIDS were reported between the beginning of the epidemic and December 2014.

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