It is also called as achromia, achromasia, or achromatosis. Albinism is a rare group of genetic disorders that cause the skin, hair, or eyes to have little or no colour. Albinism is also associated with vision problems. Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment).Statistics includes According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), approximately one in12.8% people have a form of albinism.
The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. Albinism is inherited and requires the defective gene to be passed down by both parents Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour.They include Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour. Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms: Crossed eyes (strabismus), Light sensitivity (photophobia), Rapid eye movements (nystagmus), Vision problems, or functional blindness.
Treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun: Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun. We should use Sunscreen to have a high sun protection factor (SPF), Sunglasses (UV protected) may relieve light sensitivity.Genetic testing helpful if you have a family history of albinism. It is also useful for certain groups of people who are known to get the disease.