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Appendicitis is an inflammation of a finger-shaped projection from large intestine on the lower right side of your abdomen. Appendicitis is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. Left untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to peritonitis, a serious inflammation of the abdominal cavity's lining.
Symptoms: lower right side abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, inability to pass gas, abdominal swelling, low grade fever, a sense you might feel better after passing stool. Tests: • Physical exam to assess your pain • Blood test • Urine test • Imaging tests.
Treatment: Appendectomy can be performed as open surgery using one abdominal incision about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long (laparotomy). Or the surgery can be done through a few small abdominal incisions.