Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control during voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect movement, speech, eye movement and swallowing. There's no treatment specifically for ataxia. Adaptive devices or therapies are recommended to help with your ataxia.
Symptoms of Ataxia are Gait/Posture abnormalities, Fine motor incoordination, Speech and swallowing difficulties, Visual abnormalities, Increased fatigue, Cognitive and Mood Problems. Causes are Inherited/Genetic: Autosomal Dominant; Autosomal Recessive; X-Linked; Associated with a Mitochondrial Disorder. Acquired: Structural/Demyelinating; Toxic/Metabolic; Paraneoplastic; Infectious/Postinfectious; Autoimmune.
For ataxia caused by conditions such as multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy, ataxia might not be treatable. In that case, your doctor may be able to recommend adaptive devices. They include: Canes or walkers for walking, Modified utensils for eating, Communication aids for speaking. The prevalence of Ataxia is 1 in 90 000 up to 1 in 27 000 due the existence of pockets with higher prevalence in isolated mountainous areas.