Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. Symptoms of depression are Feelings of sadness, emptiness, angry outbursts, Sleep disturbances, Changes in appetite, Anxiety, Trouble thinking, making decisions etc.
According to the Swiss Health Survey, 3.1% of adults had a depressive syndrome, and 15.8% had some symptoms of a depressive syndrome during the last 2 years. For Swiss adolescents and young adults aged between 16 and 20 years, the point prevalence is reported to be about 10% for females and about 6% for males.
To diagnosis Depression various tests like Physical test, Lab tests, Psychological test, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) can be conducted. Medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) are very effective for most people with depression. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), Norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs), Atypical antidepressants etc. antidepressant drugs can be used.
Many scientists in Switzerland are working on neuronal network dynamics, phenomenology and emotion processing in psilocybin states in healthy subjects and depression.