Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that has many causes and occurs in many forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on swollen, reddened skin. Symptoms of dermatitis include redness, itching, and in some cases blistering. More serious dermatitis may result in crusty scales, painful cracks. Dermatitis is a common condition that's not contagious and usually isn't life-threatening. Even so, it can make you feel uncomfortable and self-conscious.
Dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic pruritic skin condition affecting approximately 15–30% of children and 2–10% of adults are affected by episodes of dermatitis. 70% of children with dermatitis no longer have any episodes in adolescence.
Doctor may diagnose dermatitis after talking to patient about signs and symptoms and by examining skin and May also suggest doing a skin biopsy or other tests, most common is Patch Testing. The treatment for dermatitis varies, depending on the cause and each person's experience of the condition. The cornerstone of most dermatitis treatment plans includes Applying corticosteroid creams, Applying certain creams or lotions that affect your immune system. Exposing the affected area to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light (phototherapy).
Scientists in Switzerland are working on Comparison of Pimecrolimus Cream 1% Twice-Daily to Once-Daily Dosing in the Management of Atopic Dermatitis in Pediatric Subjects and some are working on Safety and Efficacy of Pimecrolimus Cream 1% in Mild to Moderate Head and Neck Atopic Dermatitis (AD) Patients.