Fibroadenoma is the most common benign tumor of the breast. Fibroadenoma of the breast are composed of fibrous tissue clumps and glandular. Because breast cancer can also appear as a mass, doctors recommend tissue biopsy to rule out cancer in older patients. And not as a breast cancer lump fibroadenoma removed and weighed with clear defined edges. This is sometimes called fibroadenoma breast mouse or breast mice due to high mobility of breast. The typical case is the presence of a painless lump, pest, isolated, and portable grows slowly in the breast of a woman of childbearing age. Male breast, tumors fibroepithelial are very rare, and are mainly tumors phyllodes case reports exist of extremely rare male breast fibroadenoma, however these cases may be related to the treatment of Antiandrogen.
The exact cause of fibroadenomas is not known. Hormones such as estrogen may play a part in the growth and development of the tumors. Taking oral contraceptives before the age of 20 has been associated with a higher risk of developing fibroadenomas. These tumors may grow, particularly during pregnancy. During menopause, they often shrink. It is also possible for fibroadenomas to resolve on their own.
They usually occur in women between the ages of 10 and 40. It is the most common breast mass in the adolescent and young adult population. Their peak incidence is between 25 and 40 years. Incidence decreases after 40 years.
There are two types of fibroadenomas they are simple fibroadenomas and complex fibroadenomas. The simple tumors do not increase breast cancer risk and look the same all over when viewed under a microscope. The complex tumors contain other components such as macrocysts and calcifications.
Complex fibroadenomas can slightly increase your risk of breast cancer. The women with complex fibroadenomas have almost double the time greater risk of developing breast cancer than women without breast lumps.
If you are diagnosed with a fibroadenoma, it does not necessarily have to be removed. Depending on your physical symptoms, family history, and personal concerns, you and your doctor can decide whether to have it removed or not. Fibroadenomas that do not grow and are definitely not cancerous can be closely monitored with clinical breast exams and imaging tests, such as mammograms and ultrasounds. The decision to have a fibroadenoma removed typically depends on natural shape of the breast, pain, developing cancer, have a family history of cancer or if the patient received questionable biopsy results. Sometimes, the lump is destroyed without removing it by Cryoablation destroys the lump by freezing it or Radiofrequency ablation destroys the lump using high-frequency energy.