Haemophilus influenzae is a species of bacteria that can cause many kinds of infections. These can range from mild ear infections to severe diseases, like bloodstream infections. Haemophilus influenzae bacteria most often cause pneumonia, a lung infection.
Symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, Chills, Sweating, Chest pain that comes and goes with breathing, Headache, Muscle pain, Excessive tiredness, vomiting, pain in the belly. Antibiotics are used to treat Haemophilus influenzae infections. Most of the cases need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for treatment and management of complications such as meningitis and pneumonia.
The overall incidence rate among children younger than 5 years of age was 60.2/100,000 population but it was 121.5/100,000 and 92.1/100,000 in 2011 and 2013 respectively, indicating a statistically significant increase of invasive Hib infections during the study period. Of patients, 41.5% had meningitis, 36.6% epiglottitis and 21.9% had other forms of Hib infections.