The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Although the total estimated number of HF events was higher for women (n = 4,201) than for men (n = 3,819), men showed higher numbers up to age group 65-74. Looking at age-specific HF cases per 100,000 population, men had higher rates in all age groups. The latter is also true of the age-standardised HF event rate (82.9/100,000 versus 51.4/100,000 population).