It is a disease of the central nervous system.The symptoms of this disease is myelin (fatty insulating sheathes protecting nerve fibres) becomes damaged and scarred. It affects a person's motor, sensory and even cognitive functions. The causes of Multiple sclerosis are genetic and environmental factors. The impact and symptoms of Multiple sclerosis depends on a person's ability to participate in everyday activities different from person to person.
Prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) was determined in the Canton of Berne, Switzerland. This canton is a geographically diverse region at 47 degrees northern latitude with 920,000 inhabitants. Epidemiological data were obtained from the case records of the University Department of Neurology, from the Swiss MS Society, from practising neurologists and from regional hospitals.