A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
Snoring/breathing difficulties while sleeping.Bedtimerefusal.Insomnia.Sleepwalking.Sleep terrors, nightmares or nighttime fears.Unusual sleep behaviors. Excessive daytime sleepiness.Bedwetting.
Treatments for sleep disorders generally can be grouped into four categories: Behavioral and psychotherapeutic treatment, Rehabilitation and management, Medication Other somatic treatment.
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence, severity, associated factors and diagnosis of sleep disorders in general practice. Over 700 patients were investigated with a multiple choice questionnaire in 24 general practices in Switzerland. To assess sleep disorders, criterion A for insomnia according DSM-III-R was applied. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 44%, 64% of these were classified as mild, 31% as moderate and 5% as severe. 50% of the female patients complained about insomnia compared to 36% in males. Retrospectively, 74% of the patients stated having suffered from sleep disorders for more than one year (mild 76%, moderate 69%, severe 75%). 70% of patients with mild, 42% with moderate and 30% of patients with severe insomnia didn't inform their physicians about their sleep difficulties on the occasion of an earlier consultations.