alexa Trigeminal neuralgia | Switzerland| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Trigeminal Neuralgia

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  • Trigeminal neuralgia

    Trigeminal neuralgia is inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, causing intense facial pain. It is also known as tic douloureax because the intense pain can cause patients to contort their face into a grimace and cause the head to move away from the pain. The obvious movement is known as a tic. Because the exact pathophysiology remains controversial, the etiology of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) may be central, peripheral, or both. The trigeminal nerve (cranial nerve V) can cause pain, because its major function is sensory. Usually, no structural lesion is present (85%), although many investigators agree that vascular compression, typically venous or arterial loops at the trigeminal nerve entry into the pons, is critical to the pathogenesis of the idiopathic variety. This compression results in focal trigeminal nerve demyelination. Trigeminal neuralgia is treated on an outpatient basis, unless neurosurgical intervention is required. Management of this condition must be tailored individually, based on the patient's age and general condition. In the case of symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia, adequate treatment is that of its cause, the details of which are out of the scope of this article. Switzerland people around 12,643 among the total population are suffering from this disease that is 0.88% of the population effected.

 

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