Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.
Tuberculosis incidence rate in Switzerland is very low compared to developing countries. It is reported that on an average 530 people are newly diagonised of carrying tuberculosis. Which makes the rate of incidence of 7 cases per every 100 000 population.
Tuberculosis prevention and control efforts primarily rely on the vaccination of infants and the detection and appropriate treatment of active cases. The only available vaccine as of 2011 is Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
A number of medications are being studied for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. The safety and effectiveness of these new agents are still uncertain since they are result of limited studies.