Heart is a muscular organ which plays major role in pumping blood all over the body through the blood vessels of circulatory system. It is able to provide blood to the body with oxygen and nutrients and it will remove all the metabolic waste. The location of the heart is specifically in the mediastinum, the middle compartment of the thorax. Heart transplantation is the replacement of a patient's diseased or injured heart with a healthy donor heart. It is a surgical procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart diseases. Heart transplantation cannot be considered as a cure of heart disease, but it can be considered as a treatment to improve the quality of life. Patients with end-stage heart disease which threatens their life after proper medical treatment may be considered for heart transplantation. These patients should have a complete medical examination before they are undergoing for heart transplantation. There are many tests to be done, including blood tests, x rays, and tests of heart, lung, and other organ function. The results of these tests show doctors how serious the heart disease is and also about the patient's health condition towards the survival of transplant surgery. Innovations are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, in articulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that breaks into the market or society.
Last date updated on July, 2014