Achalasia is considered to be a rare disease of the muscle of the lower esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter. The particular cause of achalasia is unknown. However, it may usually occur by the degeneration of the esophageal muscles and, more importantly, the nerves that control the muscles. As a result, people suffering with achalasia face difficulty in swallowing food. In addition to the failure to relax,
Signs and Symptoms: The main symptoms of achalasia are dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing), regurgitation of undigested food, chest pain behind the sternum, and weight loss. Dysphagia tends to become progressively worse over time and to involve both fluids and solids. The chest pain experienced, also known as cardiospasm and non-cardiac chest pain can often be mistaken for a heart attack. It can be extremely painful in some sufferers.
Disease statistics: In United Kingdom the prevalence rate for Achalasia was calculated by considering a total of 2,205 participants were examined. Overall prevalence rates for Achalasia were 32.2 and 49.2%, respectively. In general, the rates for both increased with age.is usually affects both in men and women equally between the ages of 30-60. It can also occur in infancy and childhood.