alexa Atrial septal defect | United-kingdom | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Atrial Septal Defect

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  • Atrial septal defect

    Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). As a baby develops in the womb, a wall (called the interatrial septum) forms that divides the upper chamber into a left and right atrium. An abnormal formation of this wall can result in a hole that remains after birth.This defect allows oxygen-rich blood to leak into the oxygen-poor blood chambers in the heart.  The septum is a wall that separates the heart's left and right sides.

  • Atrial septal defect

    • ASDs are the third most common congenital heart disease and occur as an isolated anomaly in 5% to 10% of all congenital heart defects. About 30% to 50% of children with congenital heart defects have an ASD as part of their cardiac defect. With improved detection of silent defects by echocardiography the incidence seems to be increasing.The incidence is higher in females and with the common ostium secundum defects the female to male ratio is 2:1.
  • Atrial septal defect

    There are no known medications that can repair the hole.Surgery may also be recommended for an adult who has many or severe symptoms. Surgery involves fixing the hole and may be done through cardiac catheterization or open-heart surgery. After surgery, follow-up care will depend on the size of the defect, person’s age, and whether the person has Treatment ther birth defects.

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