Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
Bipolar disorder is a common illness characterised by recurrent episodes of mania and major depression. The lifetime prevalence of bipolar disorder is between 1% and 2%. Moreover, bipolar disorder is often associated with other mental disorders, particularly alcoholism and substance misuse. Bipolar disorder places a substantial burden on primary and secondary health-care sectors as well as other statutory services; however, the socio-economic impact of bipolar disorder on UK society is unknown. Against this background we estimated the annual cost imposed by bipolar disorder on UK society