Pathophisiology: Cystitis is the inflammation of bladder caused due to bacterial infection known as urinary tract infection, which is more common among females than males. These bacterial infections in urinary tract are caused by E coli, also by exposure to radiation and certain drugs. Cystitis usually occurs when the urethra and bladder, which is normally sterile (microbe free) become infected by bacteria - the area becomes irritated and inflamed. Most of the time, your body can get rid of these bacteria when you urinate.
Treatment: The bacteria can stick to the wall of the urethra or bladder, or grow so fast that some stay in the bladder. Statistics Cystitis has been reported to be the most common bacterial infection, resulting in more than 10 million medical visits in 2001. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are thought to account for 1% to 3% of all general practice consultations.
Statistics: The estimated statistics of cystitis prevalence in Belgium are approximately 235,879 of total population. Treatment Antibiotic treatment and drinking plenty of water, Antipyretic pain medications may be administered. Over-the-counter products that increase acid in the urine, such as ascorbic acid or cranberry juice, may be recommended to decrease the concentration of bacteria in the urine. For a simple bladder infection, you will take antibiotics for 3 days (women) or 7 - 14 days (men).