Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving is called vertigo.
Vestibular suppressant and antiemetic drugs are the mainstay of treatment of vertigo. In addition, there are a number of new medical treatments that has either not been proved effective in clinical trials or are otherwise controversial. Vestibular suppressants, generally speaking, are drugs that reduce nystagmus (eye movements) caused by a vestibular imbalance, or drugs that reduce motion sickness.
It used to be the case that a great percentage of patients with vertigo and dizziness did not receive any definite diagnosis; today not only has this ratio improved dramatically but in the majority of cases an effective therapy may be started. This changed neurotology, a specialty bordering between ENT and neurology, from a field of frustrations to a source of success. This is valid even in general practice because many of the bedside tests and simple treatments are easy to learn and do not require any sophisticated, expensive apparatus.