Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red swollen gums, bad breath which persists even after brushing, painful and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis severity is most likely related to age, lipid disorders and increase in body mass. Ulcerative gingivitis is accompanied by areas of ulceration and necrosis of the gums (necrosis). Risk factors associated with gingivitis are smoking, chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, medical conditions such as diabetes, decreased immunity, fungal infections and hormonal imbalance.
Treatment and Statistics
It can be prevented by proper oral hygiene and balanced diet. Statistics of United Kingdom states that gingival bleeding among adults aged 45 to 54 is 59% compared with 49 % amongst dentate adults aged 65 to 74. Men were more likely than women to have some gingival bleeding, 56 % compared with 52 %. A greater proportion of current smokers had gingival bleeding of about 58 % than those adults who used to smoke (50 per cent).