The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Almost 1 in 5 men and 1 in 8 women die from heart disease. Heart Disease is responsible for 82,000 deaths in the UK each year, an average of 224 people each day. More than 26,000 people under the age of 75 in the UK died from Heart Disease in 2009. There are nearly 2.7 million people living with heart disease in the UK. There are more than 1.6 million men and more than a million women with heart disease in the UK.