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Mental Retardation

  • Mental Retardation

    Intellectual disability (ID), also called intellectual development disorder (IDD) or general learning disability, and formerly known as mental retardation (MR) is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is defined by an IQ score below 70 in addition to deficits in two or more behaviors that affect every day, general living.

  • Mental Retardation

    Pathophysiology: Sometimes disability is caused by abnormal genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or other reasons eg. Down syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, Fragile X syndrome (common among boys), neurofibromatosis, congenital hypothyroidism. Intellectual disability can result when the fetus does not develop properly.

  • Mental Retardation

    Diagnosis: The three criteria must be met for a diagnosis of intellectual disability: deficits in general mental abilities, significant limitations in one or more areas of adaptive behavior across multiple environments and evidence that the limitations became apparent in childhood or adolescence. In general, people with intellectual disability have an IQ below 70, but clinical discretion may be necessary for individuals who have a somewhat higher IQ but severe impairment in adaptive functioning.

  • Mental Retardation

    In the UK, one adult in six has some type of mental health problem. The Department of Health and the Confederation of British Industry have estimated that between 15 and 20% of employees will experience some form of mental health difficulty during their working lives, with depression representing the largest percentage of this problem. Over 95% of people who commit suicide have been suffering from mental illness. Ten to 15% of people with severe mental illness commit suicide.

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