Pyloric stenosis refers to a narrowing of the passage between the stomach and the small intestine. The condition, which affects infants during the first several weeks of life, can be corrected effectively with surgery. The main symptom is vomiting after feedings. Other symptoms include increased appetite, weight loss, infrequent bowel movements, belching, and diarrhoea. Due to dehydration, the infant may also have fewer wet diapers.
In United Kingdom, statistical analysis on pyloric stenosis resulted as only 3 studies were prospective, and just 1 study was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Mucosal perforations and incomplete pyloromyotomy were both more common with LP. Compared with OP, LP is associated with higher complication rate (RR 0.81 [0.5, 1.29], P = 0.4), similar operating time (WMD 1.52 minutes [−0.26, 3.29], P = 0.09), shorter time to full feeds (WMD 8.66 hours [7.25, 10.07], P < 0.00001), and shorter postoperative length of stay (WMD 7.03 hours [3.74, 10.32], P = 0.00003).