Sleep apnea is classified as a dyssomnia, meaning abnormal behavior or psychological events occur during sleep.When breathing is paused, carbon dioxide builds up in the bloodstream. Chemoreceptors in the blood stream note the high carbon dioxide levels. The brain is signaled to wake the person sleeping and breathe in air.
People have issues with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and impaired alertness. In other words, common effects of sleep apnea include daytime fatigue, a slower reaction time, and vision problems.SA may increase risk for driving accidents and work-related accidents. If SA is not treated, one has an increased risk of other health problems such as diabetes.
Treatment often starts with behavioral therapy. Many patients are told to avoid alcohol, sleeping pills, and other sedatives, which can relax throat muscles, contributing to the collapse of the airway at night.As sleep apnea is inherently worse in the supine position for many patients (positional sleep apnea), sleeping on one's side is often advised.
"The prevalence of SA: 25,000,000 snorers in the UK - 40% of the population, 5% of the UK adult population thought to have undiagnosed OSA2 - over 2.5 million people.Over 75,000 NHS sleep studies conducted annually, Over 250,000 men have Severe SA in the UK, 100,000,000 people believe to have SA worldwide, Average of seven years between first symptoms and SA diagnosis, 26% of commercial drivers have SA".