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Typhus Fever

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  • Typhus fever

    Typhus is a disease caused by bacteria (mainly Rickettsia typhi or R. prowazekii). There are two major types of typhus: endemic (or murine typhus) and epidemic typhus. The disease occurs after bacteria (Rickettsia spp.) are transferred to humans usually by vectors such as fleas or lice. Scratching a louse-bite site allows the rickettsia-laden excrement to be inoculated into the bite wound. The rickettsia travel to the bloodstream, and rickettsemia develops. The major pathology is caused by a vasculitis and its complications. Common differentials are: dengue, malaria, typhoid fever, brucellosis, and infectious mononucleosis.

  • Typhus fever

    In the United Kingdom about 3,245 cases of Typhus fever are reported in each year. Almost 14% of the United Kingdom population is suffering with Typhus fever, a disease caused by bacteria called Rickettsia typhi or bacteria called Rickettsia felis.The best way to prevent typhus infections is to minimize exposure to the ectoparasite vectors and rodents which may carry infected fleas. This includes the use of personal insect repellents and self-examination of the skin after visits to vector-infested areas. Wearing protective clothing impregnated with tick-repellent when in the bush further reduces the risk of tick and mite bites.

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