This is one of the most common paediatric surgical conditions affecting 1 in 5 of all children. Umbilical hernias are more common in premature babies and children with Downs Syndrome and there is a slight familial tendency.
During surgery, a small incision is made at the base of the bellybutton. The herniated tissue is returned to the abdominal cavity, and the opening in the abdominal wall is stitched closed. In adults, surgeons often use mesh to help strengthen the abdominal wall.
The NIH Choices is the only facility in the United Kingdom devoted exclusively to research, teaching and surgery of abdominal wall hernias (inguinal hernia, femoral hernia, umbilical hernia, ventral hernia or incisional hernia).