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Atelectasis is a complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung develops when the tiny air sacs (alveoli) within the lung become deflated. It's a breathing complication after surgery. The amount of lung tissue involved in atelectasis is variable, depending on the cause. Atelectasis can make breathing difficult and lower oxygen particularly if lung disease is already present. Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the collapse.
There may be no obvious signs or symptoms of atelectasis. If you do have signs and symptoms, they may include:Difficulty breathing (dyspnea), Rapid, shallow breathing, Coughing. Atelectasis is likely to occur when you're already in a hospital. However, seek medical attention right away if you have trouble breathing. Other conditions besides atelectasis can cause breathing difficulties and require an accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment. If your breathing becomes increasingly difficult, seek emergency care. Obstructive atelectasis may be caused by Mucus plug, Foreign body, Narrowing of major airways from disease, Tumor in a major airway, Blood clot. Possible causes of nonobstructive atelectasis include Injury, Pleural effusion, Pneumonia, Pneumothorax, Tumor.
The Therpeutic appraoches are Chest physiotherapy: Techniques that help people breathe deeply after surgery to re-expand collapsed lung tissue are very important. These techniques are best learned before surgery and Surgical or other procedures. In the United States CAP requiring hospital admission occurs in about 258 per 100 000 population per year, rising to 962 per 100 000 among those aged 65 years or over.1 Mortality rates in recent years appear to have increased. Mortality averages 14%, but is less than 1% for those not requiring admission to hospital.