Avascular necrosis is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. Also called osteonecrosis, avascular necrosis can lead to tiny breaks in the bone and the bone's eventual collapse. The blood flow to a section of bone can be interrupted if the bone is fractured or the joint becomes dislocated. Avascular necrosis typically causes no symptoms; however, as the disease progresses it becomes painful.
At first, you may experience pain when you put pressure on the affected bone. Then, pain may become more constant. If the disease progresses and the bone and surrounding joint collapse, you may experience severe pain that interferes with your ability to use your joint. The time between the first symptoms and collapse of the bone may range from several months to more than a year. If avascular necrosis is caught early, treatment may involve taking medications to relieve pain or limiting the use of the affected area.
If your hip, knee, or ankle is affected, crutches may be necessary to take weight off the damaged joint. Your doctor may also recommend range of motion exercises to help keep the affected joint mobile. It is also associated with Osteoarthritis and Knee injuries. Knee symptoms, radiographic knee OA, symptomatic knee OA, and severe radiographic knee OA were calculated in 3018 participants (33%) of African Americans (38% men).
Diagnosis of knee OA and severity of disease was made based on Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic grade â¥ 2, severe radiographic knee OA as grades 3 and 4, and symptomatic knee OA as knee symptoms in a knee with radiographic OA. Knee symptoms were present in 43% of patients. Twenty- eight percent of symptomatic patients had radiographic knee OA, 16% had symptomatic knee OA, and 8% had severe radiographic knee OA. Prevalence was higher in older individuals and women. According to a statistical analysis there are Extrapolated Incidence of Avascular Necrosis is 10796 in USA.