Bacterial Meningitis is a disease refers to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. These illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia).
Bacterial Meningitis are spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit (e.g., by living in close quarters, kissing). Bacterial Meningitis can be treated with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important.
According to a report published, in the United States 4,100 cases of bacterial meningitis were reported including 500 deaths occurred each year in between 2003-2007. Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best defense against meningococcal disease.