Patho physiology: Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. These diseases have many causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments.In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick, or rigid. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replaced with scar tissue.As cardiomyopathy worsens, the heart becomes weaker. It's less able to pump blood through the body and maintain a normal electrical rhythm. This can lead to heart failure or irregular heartbeats called arrhythmias. In turn, heart failure can cause fluid to build up in the lungs, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen.The weakening of the heart also can cause other complications, such as heart valve problems.
Treatment: People who have cardiomyopathy but no signs or symptoms may not need treatment. Sometimes, dilated cardiomyopathy that comes on suddenly may go away on its own. For other people who have cardiomyopathy, treatment is needed. Treatment depends on the type of cardiomyopathy you have, the severity of your symptoms and complications, and your age and overall health. Treatments may include: Heart-healthy lifestyle changes, Medicines, Nonsurgical procedure, Surgery and implanted devices. The main goals of treating cardiomyopathy include: • Controlling signs and symptoms so that you can live as normally as possible • Managing any conditions that cause or contribute to the disease • Reducing complications and the risk of sudden cardiac arrest • Stopping the disease from getting worse
Research: Prevalence and Disease Outcome: because recognition of inherited disease is often limited by practice patterns which are in turn heavily influenced by the urgent demands of caring for sick patients, an important proportion of inherited disease is misdiagnosed. As an example, we discovered that nearly 25% of patients undergoing heart transplant for end stage cardiomyopathy have inherited disease, whereas current recognition of inherited disease in this population is limited to 4% of patients. This research was presented at the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplant in Prague (2012).
Statistics: Extrapolated Prevalence:- 53,980. Population Estimated Used;- 293,655,4051 According to the population projection of 2015, the number of working-age people would decrease from the current 3.48 million to 3.41 million, or by 75,000 persons, by 2030. After this, the number of working-age people would recover slightly, and by 2045 they would number 3.46 million. Then, the number of working-age people would again start declining and, according to the projection, they would number 3.40 million in 2060. The proportion of people of working age in the population will diminish from the present 64 to 59 per cent by 2030 and to 57 per cent by 2060.