Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most Common type of heart disease, also referred to as coronary heart disorder. Coronary arteries are the essential blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. CAD occurs when these that provide blood to coronary heart muscle turn out to be hardened and narrowed. Atherosclerosis (regularly known as “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (referred to as plaques) on the internal walls of the arteries. These plaques can avert blood go with the flow to the center muscle by clogging the artery or via causing abnormal artery tone and function.
About 610,000 people die of heart disease in the United States every year–that’s 1 in every 4 deaths, Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease, killing over 370,000 people annually. Each year about 935,000 Americans have a heart attack. Of these, 610,000 are a first heart attack and 325,000 are a repeat heart attack.
Treatment for CAD involves lifestyle changes, if necessary, drugs and certain medical procedures. Various drugs that are used to treat CAD are Cholesterol-modifying medications, Beta blockers, Nitroglycerin, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). Some of the Procedures to restore and improve blood flow like Angioplasty and stent placement (percutaneous coronary revascularization), Coronary artery bypass surgery.
Some of the major researches on Coronary artery disease in USA are Polypill for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (PolyIran): study design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial, Trends in Coronary Atherosclerosis: A Tale of Two Population Subgroups, Effects of aliskiren in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease.