Pathophisiology: Cystitis is the inflammation of bladder caused due to bacterial infection known as urinary tract infection, which is more common among females than males. These bacterial infections in urinary tract are caused by E coli, also by exposure to radiation and certain drugs. Cystitis usually occurs when the urethra and bladder, which is normally sterile (microbe free) become infected by bacteria - the area becomes irritated and inflamed. Most of the time, your body can get rid of these bacteria when you urinate.
Treatment: The bacteria can stick to the wall of the urethra or bladder, or grow so fast that some stay in the bladder. Statistics Cystitis has been reported to be the most common bacterial infection, resulting in more than 10 million medical visits in 2001. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are thought to account for 1% to 3% of all general practice consultations.
Statistics: In 2011, Cystitis was the most common reason for hospitalization for adults aged 85 years and older, and the second most common for adults aged. It is estimated that one in five adults at age 40 will develop cystitis during their remaining lifetime and about half of people who develop cystitis face serious side effects in diagnosis. Heart failure is much higher in African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and recent immigrants from the eastern bloc countries like Russia.