Earwax blockage occurs when earwax (cerumen) accumulates in your ear or becomes too hard to wash away naturally. Earwax is a helpful and natural part of your body's defenses. It cleans,lubricates and protects your ear canal by trapping dirt and slowing the growth of bacteria. If earwax blockage becomes a problem,you or your doctor can take simple steps to remove the wax safely.
Treatment: Your doctor can remove excess wax using a small, curved instrument called a curet or by using suction while inspecting the ear. Your doctor can also flush out the wax using a water pick or a rubber-bulb syringe filled with warm water. If earwax buildup is a recurring problem, your doctor may recommend that you use a wax-removal medication, such as carbamide peroxide (Debrox, Murine Earwax Removal System). Because these drops can irritate the delicate skin of the eardrum and ear canal, use them only as directed. Epidemiology: Being a physiological process, earwax is a universal phenomenon. Impacted earwax is more common in: The elderly People who use hearing aids Those who use cotton ear buds It has been estimated that up to two million ear irrigations are performed in England and Wales each year. Reported prevalence rates from varying populations range from 7-34%. One study reported a high incidence of earwax in people with schizophrenia; this was linked to reduce functioning and social isolation.