Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cells called melanocytes that produce melanin the pigment that gives your skin its color. Your eyes also have melanin-producing cells and can develop melanoma. Eye melanoma is also called ocular melanoma.
Statistics: Incidence of primary choroidal melanoma is about 6 cases per 1 million population. Perhaps because of increased sunlight exposure, there appears to be a higher incidence of uveal melanoma in the southern latitudes of the United States. Alternatively, this might be the effect of a tendency of older Americans to retire in the South.
Treatment Treatment for eye melanoma may include radiotherapy, surgery, transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), cryotherapy, chemotherapy eye drops, photodynamic therapy (PDT). You may have one or a combination of these treatments. Your treatment plan will depend on factors such as the size and position of the tumour, your general health and your eyesight. Uveal and conjunctival melanomas are treated in slightly different ways. But the aim is to destroy the cancer cells, while doing as little damage to your eyesight as possible.