Clostridium difficile Infection pathophysiology
Clostridium difficile is a species of gram positive bacteria and belong to the genus Clostridium. Diarrhea is the most common symptom of C. diff infection. It can also cause fever, belly pain, loss of appetite and nausea. Sometimes this infection is very mild and sometimes it is very serious lading to death also. When people is suffering from very bad diarrhea from C. diff infection, then they cannot have sufficient fluid in their bodies which may leads to hurt or kill the kidneys. These bacteria can also eat a hole in the intestines, which is very dangerous. Generally people who are taking antibiotic medicine having more chances to get this infection and along with this older people who are 65 years old, people having weak immune system, people who had surgery, people with colon problems like colon cancers are affecting more from this infection. To prevent C. diff infection hand washing is the best way. C. diff bacteria on surfaces can be killed by bleach.
Clostridium difficile Infection Statistics
In USA it was estimated to cause almost half a million infections in the United States in 2011, and 29,000 died within 30 days of the initial diagnosis. More than 80 percent of the deaths associated with C. difficile occurred among Americans aged 65 years or older. C. difficile has become the most common microbial cause of healthcare-associated infections in U.S. hospitals and costs up to $4.8 billion each year in excess health care costs for acute care facilities alone.