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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) disease is the disease caused by streptococcus bacteria. It occurs when the bacteria invade organs, tissues or bloodstreams. It can cause serious illness in newborns and adults with few chronic medical conditions.
Generally the baby with early onset has the symptom like Fever, Difficulty feeding, Lethargy and baby with Late onset have the symptom like Difficulty breathing, Fever, Lethargy and Irritability. In case of baby, the treatment is taking intravenous (IV) antibiotics to destroy the bacteria and for adults Antibiotics are effective treatment.
About 25% of pregnant women carry group B strep in the rectum or vagina. The rate of serious group B strep disease increases with age; average age of cases in non-pregnant adults is about 60 years old. In USA, 10-35% pregnant women suffers from GBS. It is the leading cause of infection of the fluid and lining around the brain and infection of the blood in a newborn’s first week of life (early-onset disease).