Intracranial venous malformations are abnormally enlarged veins in brain. Venous malformations are a type of blood vessel abnormality in the brain or spinal cord.
One retrospective study of children evaluated in a vascular malformations clinic highlights the confusion surrounding terminology by showing that 69% of patients were initially given a wrong diagnosis, and 53% of parents were given incorrect information regarding lesion progression and treatment. 15 Another study found that the term hemangioma was incorrectly used in 71.3% of manu- scripts studied, regardless of the author’s discipline. 16 The same study noted that patients with mislabeled lesions were more likely to receive improper treatment (20.6%) compared with those classified according to the ISSVA system (0%)
The most important goal AVM treatment is to prevent internal bleeding from rupture, because which can lead to stroke / death. However, seizure control or stabilization of progressive neurological deficits are occasionally treatment goals. Though medication may be prescribed, it does not cure AVMs but medications are used to control pain and seizures. The management options for brain AVMs include observation or various treatment techniques, such as endovascular embolization, microsurgical techniques and stereotactic radiotherapy used alone or in combination with varying degrees of treatment-associated morbidity and mortality.