Disease pathophysiology: Laryngitis is an inflammation of your voice box (larynx) from overuse, irritation or infection. It causes hoarse voice or temporary complete loss of the voice because of irritation to the vocal folds (vocal cords). Dysphonia is the medical term for a vocal disorder, of which laryngitis is one cause. Laryngitis can be short-term or long-lasting (chronic). Most of the time, it comes on quickly and lasts no more than 2 weeks.
Laryngitis can be caused by following reasons Colds or the flu. This is the most common cause, Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Overuse of your voice, such as cheering at a sports event, Irritation, such as from allergies or smoke, etc. Treatment: The cause of laryngitis is typically a viral infection, and not bacterial, antibiotics usually won't help. If there's an urgent need for immediate treatment. Laryngitis can be treated by giving antibiotics and corticosteroids. It can also be treated by resting our voice, drinking lots of liquid, sucking of lozenges and breathing humidified air.
Statistics: Of a population of 40,317 people, 280 received a new diagnosis of CL over a 2-year period, representing a yearly incidence of 3.47 cases per 1,000 people. The subjects consisted of 160 women and 120 men. Race was recorded as black (126), Hispanic (47), white (68), or other (39). The mean age was 52.9 years (range, 20 to 90 years). The initial therapies included proton pump inhibitors (79%), voice therapy (17%), nasal steroid (13%), antihistamine (4%), amitriptyline (4%), other (17%), and none (11%). The most common symptoms were dysphonia (53%), pain/soreness (45%), Globus sensation (40%), cough (33%), excessive throat clearing (28%), and dysphagia (32%). An otolaryngologist saw 93% of the cases.