The most common type of lip cancer begins in the squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and mouth. Lip cancer symptoms are very similar to those of other types of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent toothache. Other symptoms and signs include, A sore in the mouth that does not heal, Persistent mouth pain, A lump or thickening in the cheek, A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away.
Surgery can also be part of a treatment program for advanced-stage cancer. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy are also potential treatment options for patients with lip cancer. A combination of these therapies can be used. Cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx account for 3% of all cancers in the United States. Incidence, mortality, and survival are the primary measures for assessing the impact of cancer in population groups. Incidence is the frequency of new cancer cases during a defined period of time, generally expressed as the rate per 100,000 persons per year; the mortality rate is the frequency of cancer deaths per 100,000 persons per year.