Meniere disease is a chronic illness characterized by intermittent episodes of vertigo lasting from minutes to hours, with fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural pressure.Research has shown that a majority of patients receive benefit either from a change in lifestyle or from medical or surgical intervention.
A recent variant is to propose that hydrops is due to blockage of the reuniting duct, which is located at the bottom of the saccule. One might reasonably conjecture that this duct could be blocked by dirigible otoconia. This idea is somewhat more reasonable than the idea that it is due to blockage of the endolymphatic duct, as evidence suggests that endolymph does not flow towards the endolymphatic duct in any case.
There are approximately 615,000 cases of Ménière's disease in the United States (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, 2008). The diagnosis is most common in adults during their 4th or 5th decade of life and has a slight female preponderance. There also appears to be a strong genetic component. Ménière's has been studied since 1861, when Prosper Ménière first described a condition with the symptoms as listed.
Vestibular nerve section. This procedure involves cutting the nerve that connects balance and movement sensors in your inner ear to the brain (vestibular nerve). This procedure usually corrects problems with vertigo while attempting to preserve hearing in the affected ear. It requires general anesthesia and an overnight hospital stay.
Major research on disease:
Meniett Therapy for Ménière’s Disease.Labyrinthectomy. With this procedure, the surgeon removes the balance portion of the inner ear, thereby removing both balance and hearing function from the affected ear. This procedure is performed only if you already have near-total or total hearing loss in your affected ear.