Schizoaffective disorder is a chronic mental health condition characterized primarily by symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations or delusions, and symptoms of a mood disorder, such as mania and depression. Schizoaffective disorder is seen in about 0.3% of the population. Men and women experience schizoaffective disorder at the same rate, but men often develop the illness at an earlier age. Schizoaffective disorder can be managed effectively with medication and therapy. Co-occurring substance use disorders are a serious risk and require integrated treatment.
People who have the condition experience psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions as well as a mood disorder. Signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder may include, among others: Delusions having false, fixed beliefs Hallucinations, such as hearing voices, Major depressed mood episodes, Possible periods of manic mood or a sudden increase in energy and behavioral displays that are out of character, Impaired occupational and social functioning, Problems with cleanliness and physical appearance, Paranoid thoughts and ideas.
Schizoaffective disorder can be difficult to diagnose because it has symptoms of both schizophrenia and either depression or bipolar disorder. There are two major types of schizoaffective disorder: bipolar type and depressive type. Schizoaffective disorder is treated and managed in several ways: Medications, including mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medications and antidepressants Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or family-focused therapy Self-management strategies and education.