Central sleep apnea (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is diminished or absent, typically for 10 to 30 seconds either intermittently or in cycles, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.
Symptoms The most common symptom of central sleep apnea is short periods during sleep when breathing stops. Some people exhibit very shallow breathing instead of actually stopping breathing. You may wake up feeling short of breath.
Treatment Several different treatments aimed at central sleep apnea include positive airway pressure, adaptive servo ventilation (ASV), oxygen, added dead space, carbon dioxide inhalation, and overdrive atrial pacing. Continuous positive airway pressure CPAP improves cardiac function in patients with congestive heart failure and CSB-CSA.Bilevel positive airway pressure Bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP) is effective for treating patients with hypercapnic central sleep apnea (associated with hypoventilation).
StatisticsMortality rates are also expected to decrease which will result in increased life e xpectancy at birth from: 77.9 years in 2010 to 85.1 years in 2046 for males and from 82.7 years in 2010 to 88.5 years in 2046 for females. 2 As respiratory disease is more common in an ag e ing population these data indicate that respiratory disease burden w ill increase over 2 fold in the next 30 years.Extrapolated Prevalence19,433,078 Population Estimated Used 293,655,4051