Insulin is essential to process carbohydrates, fat, and protein. Insulin reduces blood glucose levels by allowing glucose to enter muscle cells and by stimulating the conversion of glucose to glycogen (glycogenesis) as a carbohydrate store. Insulin also inhibits the release of stored glucose from liver glycogen (glycogenolysis) and slows the breakdown of fat to triglycerides, free fatty acids, and ketones. It also stimulates fat storage.
Most of the time, it occurs during puberty, when girls are 10 to 12 years old and when boys are 12 to 14 years old. But it’s increasing in young children under 5 years old. Treatment goals for kids with Diabetes are to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.In general, kids with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin as prescribed eat a healthy, balanced diet.
The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between infectious diseases and other events pertaining to childhood medical history and type 1 diabetes. A case-control study was carried out, taking as cases 159 type 1 diabetic patients (0-29 years) recorded from 1988 to 2000 within the population registry of the Pavia province (North Italy). As controls 318 non-diabetic subjects were matched by age and sex.