Arts et Métiers ParisTech is a French engineering and research graduate school (Grande Ecole), in the equivalent of the French ivy league. It is a general engineering school recognized for leading French higher education in the fields of mechanics and industrialization. Founded in 1780, it is among the oldest French institutions and is one of the most prestigious engineering schools in France. The school has trained 85,000 engineers since its foundation by the Duke of La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt. It is a "Public Scientific, Cultural and Professional Institution" (EPSCP) under the authority of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research and has the special status of Grand établissement. The École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers (ENSAM), which adopted the brand name "Arts et MÄtiers ParisTech" in 2007, was a founding member of ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology), héSam and France AEROTECH. The school was founded in Liancourt, Oise, by Duke of Rochefoucauld-Liancourt in 1780; it was originally meant to provide in-depth training for military dragoon officers children. After 1800, the institution became known as the École d'Arts et Métiers. The latest campus established was Metz (1997). The campus was built in the science park, close to the transportation hubs. The school wanted this campus to become an international one, being close to Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany. Its construction was also motivated by partnerships with German (KIT) and American (Georgia Tech) universities. With 15 research laboratories and two PhD programs, Arts et Métiers ParisTech develops teaching and research activities in three main fields: • Mechanics, materials, processes • Fluids and energy systems • Design, industrialization, risk management and decision-making The school's training programmess include about 24 Research-Based Masters and about 20 Advanced Masters programs and PhD studies.